Emotional effects of dating parents
High levels of verbal aggression and relationship conflict, "practically akin to psychological aggression", strongly predicted IPV; male jealousy in particular was associated with female injuries from IPV.A 2007 study of Spanish college students aged 18–27 found that psychological aggression (as measured by the Conflict Tactics Scale) is so pervasive in dating relationships that it can be regarded as a normalized element of dating, and that women are substantially more likely to exhibit psychological aggression.In 1996, Health Canada argued that emotional abuse is "based on power and control", and defines emotional abuse as including rejecting, degrading, terrorizing, isolating, corrupting/exploiting and "denying emotional responsiveness" as characteristic of emotional abuse.Several studies have argued that an isolated incident of verbal aggression, dominant conduct or jealous behaviors does not constitute the term "psychological abuse." Rather, it is defined by a pattern of such behaviors, unlike physical and sexual maltreatment where only one incident is necessary to label it as abuse.
Withholding includes refusing to listen, refusing to communicate, and emotionally withdrawing as punishment." Even though there is no established definition for emotional abuse, emotional abuse can possess a definition beyond verbal and psychological abuse."Younger age may be a reflection of lack of job experience, resulting in [an inability] to identify or prevent potentially abusive situations...Another finding showed that lower education is a risk factor for violence." report that while men exhibit more aggression overall, sex is not a reliable predictor of interpersonal aggression, including psychological aggression.In fact, clinicians and researchers have offered sometimes divergent definitions of emotional abuse."Emotional abuse is any kind of abuse that is emotional rather than physical in nature.
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the denial that previous abusive incidents occurred).